Home Vestnik MGSU Library Vestnik MGSU 2013/12 Evaluation system of ecological safety on life cycle of inorganic fibrousheat-insulating materials

SAFETY OF BUILDING SYSTEMS. ECOLOGICAL PROBLEMS OF CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS.GEOECOLOGY

Evaluation system of ecological safety on life cycle of inorganic fibrousheat-insulating materials

  • Zhuk Petr Mikhaylovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Associate Professor, Department of Engineering Geology and Geoecology, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 118-122

In the article the author develops uniform integrated criterion of fibrous heat-insulating materials assessment, which reflects all the aspects of their life cycle. When developing such criterion both computational and expert methods of assessment are used. The uniform ecological safety assessment system will allow to carry out assessment of materials of heat-insulating application adequately beginning with the scientific point of view at all levels and stages of the life cycle from specifying competitive strength of the uppliers in the market and to an ecological situation in the given area.When developing the uniform criterion the author uses the approach offered by Charles A.S. Hall (State University of New York) for efficiency assessment of fuel production (energy return on investment — EROI). The offered criterion provides the analysis of thermal energy quantity, which allows to keep a heat-insulating material throughout the year, the energy referred to expenses on life cycle of a considered heater. As a methodical base for calculations the methods of the theory of risks can be used (Elmeri, Fine-Kinney methods, etc.), an important role is played by quality management methods (for example, creation of charts of Walter Andrew Shewhart). Besides, there already exist acknowledged methods of building materials assessment: methods of parameters grid generation, ecological sieves, ecological trace, backpacks with impacts on environment, etc. The most important factor of the analysis of an offered indicator is discounting of the indicators connected with economy or expenses of energy resources as it allows to increase objectivity of an assessment. Besides, the article offers the way of analyzing emissions of greenhouse gases throughout life cycle of heat-insulating materials. In particular, it is offered to count the decrease of greenhouse gases emissions by reducingenergy consumption taking account for the number of emissions of COlife cycle.on the whole

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2013.12.118-122

References
  1. Buschmann R. Umweltvertr?glichkeit von Geb?uded?mmstoffen. Schleswig-Holstein, Ministerium f?r Umwelt, Natur und Forsten, Kiel, 2003.
  2. Luenser H. Auswahl und Bewertung von D?mmstoffen. Wirtschaftsministerium Baden-W?rttemberg, Referat 64, Stuttgart.
  3. Ovcharenko E.G. Tendentsii v razvitii proizvodstva utepliteley v Rossii [Tendencies of the Development of Heaters Production in Russia]. Uralstroyinfo Publ., Moscow, 2002. Available at: www.uralstroyinfo.ru. Date of access: 31.08.13.
  4. Rumyantsev B.M., Zhukov A.D. Printsipy sozdaniya novykh stroitel'nykh materialov [Principles New Building Materials Development] Internet-vestnik VolgGASU. Seriya Politematicheskaya [Internet Bulletin of Volgograd State University of Architecture and Civil Engineering. Series: Polythematic]. 2012, vol. 3 (23). Available at: http://www.vestnik.vgasu.ru.
  5. Buyantuev S.L., Damdinova D.R., Sul'timova V.D. Tekhnologiya polucheniya effektivnoy bazal'tovoy teploizolyatsii s pomoshch'yu nizkotemperaturnoy plazmy [Technology of Producing Effective Basalt Thermal Insulation by Means of Low-temperature Plasma]. Stroitel'nye materialy, oborudovanie, tekhnologii XXI veka [Construction Materials, Equipment, Technologies of the 21st Century]. 2006, no. 12, pp. 30—31.
  6. Hall C.A. Introduction to Special Issue on New Studies in EROI (Energy Return on Investment). Sustainability 2011, 3 (10), pp. 1773—1777. Available at: www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/3/10/1773.
  7. Inmen M. Istinnaya tsena iskopaemogo topliva [True Price of Fossil Fuel]. V mire nauki [The World of Science]. I.E. Satsevich, Translator. 2013, no. 6, pp. 68—71.

Download