Home Vestnik MGSU Library Vestnik MGSU 2017/3

Vestnik MGSU 2017/3

DOI : 10.22227/1997-0935.2017.3

Articles count - 12

Pages - 353

ECONOMICS, MANAGEMENT AND ORGANIZATION OF CONSTRUCTION PROCESS

APPLIED ORGANIZATION OF CONSTRUCTION

  • Kievskiy Leonid Vladimirovich - OOO “NPTs “Razvitie Goroda” Chief Research Scientist, OOO “NPTs “Razvitie Goroda”, 9 Dmitrovskoe shosse, Moscow, 127434, Russian Federation.

Pages 253-259

Applied disciplines in the sphere of construction which are engaged in the solution of vital macroeconomical problems (the general trend of development of these disciplines is the expansion of problematics and mutual integration) are considered. Construction organization characteristic at the present stage as a systems engineering discipline covering the investment process of creation of real estate items, is given. The main source of current research trends for applied sciences (socio-economic development forecasts, regional and local programs) is determined. Interpenetration and integration of various fields of knowledge exemplified by the current interindustry problem of blocks renovation organization of existing development, is demonstrated. Mathematical model of wave construction (for the period of deployment) is proposed. Nature of dependence of the total duration of renovation on the limit of annual input and coefficient of renovation, is established. Overall structure of the Moscow region housing market is presented, and approaches to definition of effective demand are proposed.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2017.3.253-259

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PROBLEMS OF ENVIRONMENTAL AND ECONOMICAL ASSESSMENT OF INVESTMENT PROJECTS ON PROCESSING WASTES INTO CONSTRUCTION PRODUCTS

  • Barishevskiy Evgeniy Vasil'evich - Moscow Region State University (MRSU) post-graduate student, Moscow Region State University (MRSU), 10А Radio str., Moscow, 105005, Russian Federation.
  • Velichko Evgeniy Georgievich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Construction Materials, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.
  • Tskhovrebov Eduard Stanislavovich - Research Institute “Center for Environmental Industrial Policy” (Research Institute “CEIP”) Candidate of Economics, Associate Professor, Deputy Director, Research Institute “Center for Environmental Industrial Policy” (Research Institute “CEIP”), 42 Olimpiyskiy pr., Mytishchi, Moscow Region, Russian Federation, 141006.
  • Niyazgulov Ural Davletshievich - Moscow State University of Railway Engineering (MIIT) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Geodetic surveying and Geomatics, Moscow State University of Railway Engineering (MIIT), 9 bldg 9 Obraztsova str., Moscow, 127994, Russian Federation.

Pages 260-272

Social and economical development, investing activities, and ensuring environmental safety are the main strategic components of sustainable development of the Russian Federation. Considering that any economic activities are related to using natural resources, and environmental impact, the economically and ecologically effective investments in modern competitive resources- and energy-saving, environment-safe industrial and other innovative technologies are the integral conditions of ensuring favorable conditions for life activities, achieving balance of the ecological-economic system of the country However, there is a number of environmental and business factors, which prevent full-scale implementation of modern resource-saving and environmental protection technologies in production, ensuring, on the one hand, achievement of pay-back of investments in the shortest times (economic result in the form of profit), and on the other hand, observation of all environmental, sanitary-and-hygienic, technical norms, demands and rules set forth by the legislation. At the stage of business planning, all the possible future environmental costs and environmental and financial damages caused by the manufacturing activities during implementation and post-implementation periods are not taken into account as a practice of assessment of environmental efficiency and practicality of investment projects. This article covers methodical and scientific methodological approaches to the solution of the given problem within the limits of development of recommendations on environmental and economic assessment of investment projects that would ensure environmental safety and economic efficiency of the investments. Results of own researches in the field, including the developed software for environmental and economic assessment of investment projects in the building industry, in the waste processing into secondary raw materials and products, which allows to analyze efficiency of implementation of the business project with due consideration of all costs on industrial safety, industrial sanitary, intelligent use of natural resources, occupational safety, health and environmental protection at the stages of business planning, predesign, and design.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2017.3.260-272

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ALGORITHM FOR MICROFORECASING OF ORGANIZATION OF PRODUCTION OF COMPETITIVE CONSTRUCTION PRODUCTS IN CLUSTER

  • Kuladzhi Tamara Vasil'evna - Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Deparment of Economics and Business, Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. Lomonosov, 17, nab. Severnoy Dviny, Arkhangelsk, 163002, Russian Federation.

Pages 273-283

This article presents the analysis of the applicable legal regulatory base in the field of development of innovative aerial cluster, tool for increasing efficiency of national system of innovations, when science, state, business-structures and consumers define the directions of the technological development in the industries. Analysis of the goals and tasks of modern industry-scale strategic planning was performed using the construction materials' industry as example. Implementation of matrix formula developed by professor M.D. Kargopolov on the basis of input-output balance method by V.V. Leont'ev and technical, industrial and financial plan of the Soviet period as a tool for modern economical-mathematical modeling for calculation of the cost parameters of the innovative production of the cluster, including the calculations of the self-cost of cluster production, is justified. This universal formula allows to evaluate efficiency of production both for final cluster product, and for intermediate components of the cluster product, manufactured by different economical subjects of innovative cluster, including those located in the conditions of macro-region with different territory factors that influence the cost parameters of cluster products under market conditions. Homeostatic approach to the cluster economics is considered for the purposes of ensuring the economical stability of the cluster. This article shows the possibility for using the matrix formula by professor M.D. Kargopolov in the calculations regarding the estimation of the cost of building structures created using composite materials manufactured using efficient solutions, which implement the power and resources saving technologies.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2017.3.273-283

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CONCEPT MODEL OF CREATION AND EVALUATION OF THE DEGREE OF FOCUS-ON-CLIENTS OF THE ENTERPRISE

  • Ladygina Ekaterina Evgen'evna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Post-graduate student, Department of Economics and Management in Construction, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.

Pages 284-292

This article considers the problem of ensuring competitive capacity of an enterprise, and identifies the reserves for increasing it. The focus-on-clients of an enterprise was identified to be the main direction for increasing the competitive capacity. This article features the parameters for assessment of the degree of focus-on-clients of an enterprise, as well as formulae for the said assessment. It also presents methods to evaluate the priority of the criteria. The article contains the model created for evaluating the development of focus-on-clients of the enterprise. This model allows to assess the parameters that influence the degree of focus-on-clients, priority of such parameters, and identify the reserves for improving them. In particular, method for calculating quantitative parameters by converting qualitative parameters into quantitative was introduced. In addition, plan of activities aimed at improving the degree of focus-on-clients and, therefore, competitive capacity of the enterprise, is presented. The article features formulae, functional relations, and calculation of all parameters as well. The model for assessment and development of focus-on-customers presented in the work defines the degree of conformance between the selected strategy and accounting for consumers' preferences when the plan of activities aimed at ensuring competitive capacity of the enterprise is implemented.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2017.3.284-292

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ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT. RESTRUCTURING AND RESTORATION

SCIENTIFIC STUDY OF NATURE AND SCIENTIFIC STUDY OF CULTURE: INTE-GRATION TREND, PRACTICAL VALUE

  • Fokina Zoya Titovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Philosophy Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of History and Philosophy, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 123937, Russian Federation.

Pages 293-303

This article deals with a topic of interest : studying the expanding and deepening trend of integration of natural, technical, social and humanities fields of scientific knowledge. The point of absolute opposition between the sciences dealing with nature and those dealing with culture is subjected to criticism, the forms of integration of scientific knowledge are identified: mathematization, formalization, computerization of knowledge; philosophization/dialectization and environmentalization of the scientific knowledge. It is noted that such areas of scientific knowledge as synergetics, cybernetics, system theory, information technology, sociosynergetics, historical informatics, cliometrics, informatics for economics, evolutionary economics, human ecology, etc. Many scientific fields appear on the border between the science, technology and mathematics, and social and humanities studies, while the sharp borders between the natural sciences and cultural sciences tend to disappear, although specifics of studying the social reality still exists. Within the context of integration of sciences, comprehensive approach, synergetics, cybernetics, and mathematical model approach are analyzed. The philosophy of technology, and environmental problems, which are caused by the development of technological civilization, are studied. Practical value of integration processes in science is identified. The studied data is addressed to the specialists who are interested in the modern processes of integration of sciences, and modern issues of scientific and technical development of humanity, survival of humanity under the conditions of increasing technological understanding of the nature.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2017.3.293-303

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DESIGNING AND DETAILING OF BUILDING SYSTEMS. MECHANICS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING

PROCESS MANAGEMENT SOLUTIONS PRESENTING GROUNDS FOR CONDUCTING NON-SCHEDULED FUNDAMENTAL REPAIRS OF FLAT BUILDINGS

  • Fatullaev Rustam Seyfullaevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Post-graduate student, Assistant Lecturer, Department of Technology and Management of the Construction, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.
  • Lapidus Azariy Abramovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, chair, Department of Technology and Management of the Construction, Honored Builder of the Russian Federation, Recipient of the Prize of the Russian Federation Government in the field of Science and Technology, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.

Pages 304-307

The article below covers the existing dynamics for activities in the field of process management when organizing the non-scheduled repair works for fundamental repairs of multi-flat buildings. Using analysis of such dynamics as a basis, a hypothesis was developed, which necessitates the creation of a tool, which would provide means to justify the necessity for conducting non-scheduled repairs of the buildings. This article features the parameters, which presumably affect the decision on performing non-scheduled works on fundamental repair of flat buildings. The effect of such parameters on potential of performing activities was analyzed by means of method of expert assessment. A bar chart was created in order to identify the main parameters that affect the potential for conducting non-scheduled repairs; this bar chart was also used to exclude the least important parameters as the ones having no effect. The parameters were optimized, i.e. divided into groups using the factor analysis method, by means of Pearson correlation coefficients calculated for variable parameters, which were identified by the experts as the most important ones. The works performed lay basis for creating optimal conditions for future tests. Finally, the basis was prepared for mathematical tool that would describe the parameters of the object.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2017.3.304-307

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TECHNOLOGY OF CONSTRUCTION PROCEDURES. MECHANISMS AND EQUIPMENT

ERGONOMIC AND ECOLOGICALSAFETY - FACTORSNESSARY TO IMPROVETHE COMPETITIVENESS OF THE DOMESTIC CONSTRUCTION MACHINERY

  • Volkov Andrey Anatol’evich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Rector, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.
  • Tuskaeva Zalina Ruslanovna - North-Caucasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy (State Technological University) (NCIMM (STU)) Candidate of Economical Sciences, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Construction Industry, North-Caucasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy (State Technological University) (NCIMM (STU)), 44 Nikolaeva st., Vladikavkaz, 362021, Russian Federation.

Pages 308-316

The analysis of output and domestic used construction machinery showed that the most vulnerable link remains a problem of underreporting of ergonomics and environmental safety requirements. Compliance with ergonomic requirements enhances the performance of mechanized operations, leading to a decrease in construction costs. Increased environmental requirements reduce the negative impact on air basin. These results suggest the need to improve the structures of building machines. Made recommendations for a comprehensive solution to the problem. The measures to improve environmental safety, ergonomic design requirements of construction machinery, mechanisms of the optimal development of the domestic construction machinery, through the development and implementation of appropriate measures. Keywords: ergonomics of construction equipment, environmental safety of construction equipment

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2017.3.308-316

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STUDY OF THE flat die pellet mills kinematic diagram with active cylindrical press rolLS

  • Osokin Anton Vladislavovich - Belgorod State Technological University named after V.G. Shukhov (BSTU); graduate student of "Technological complexes, machines and mechanisms", Belgorod State Technological University named after V.G. Shukhov (BSTU);, .

Pages 317-325

Though being widely spread, the designs of such machines as flat die pellet mills have hardly been comprehensively theoretically studied. At the same time, the kinematic motion of the ring die pellet mill executive parts have been studied quite thoroughly. The machine executive parts kinematics determines the nature of their motion and velocity parameters, as well as the energy costs for the unit operation of the assembly. In addition, a detailed analysis of the facility kinematic diagram enables a rational approach to the design process for a new equipment. In view of this, this paper proposes a classification of flat matrix granulators over the kinematic diagrams of the executive parts interactions. We performed an analytical study of the kinematic diagram flat matrix granulator with active cylindrical press rolls. We considered the forces acting on the press roll during its operation. We determined the kinematic parameters and their interrelation with the design parameters of the press roll. We obtained the analytical equations for the of the neutral cross-section determination - the most characteristic section of the press-roll granulator

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2017.3.317-325

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RESEARCH OF BUILDING MATERIALS

SYNTHESIS OF EXPANDER TO PREVENT CONTRACTION OF CEMENT STONE

  • Elenova Aurika Almazovna - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) candidate of technical sciences, head Research Laboratory of Building Composites, Solutions and Concretes, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.
  • Krivoborodov Yuriy Romanovich - Dmitry Mendeleev University of Chemical Technology of Russia Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Department of Chemical Engineering of Composite and Cementing Agents, Dmitry Mendeleev University of Chemical Technology of Russia, 20 bldg 4 Geroev Panfilovtsev str., Moscow, 125480, Russian Federation.

Pages 326-333

This article contains the results of studies of the use of additives containing crystallization components significantly affecting the curing of cement, improving the structure of cement stone and concrete. The crystalline component is obtained using the rotary-pulse unit, which provides not only the grinding of agents, but their interaction with each other as well in order to accelerate the hydration and structure formation in cement stone. The degree, and kinetics of hydration, the composition of hydrated phases, the structure of the additives and cement stone was studied using the following methods: x-ray diffraction (XRD), differential thermal analysis (DTA), scanning electron microscope (SEM). Mechanical properties of cement were determined by standard methods and techniques. The expander produced by means of hydrodynamic activation of the sulfoaluminate clinker (SAC) consists of ettringite and hydrated calcium silicates, which are characterized by high dispersion rate (less than 10 µm) and reactivity as the seed for the crystallization of hydrated compounds. The introduction of the ultrafine additives of the crystalline SAC (within 1-5%) was discovered to cause expansion of the cement stone. Implementation of the additives increases cement hydration and contributes to the formation of active centers of crystallization that lead to the fast formation of ettringite, hydrated calcium aluminates and calcium silicates. The activated crystalline additive provides for significant reduction of porosity, initial curing, and high strength of cement stone. In addition, the additive is an expansive component, forming needle-like crystals of ettringite during hydration. These microcrystals grow in the capillaries of cement stone, filling them, and create conditions for improving the crack resistance of cement concrete.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2017.3.326-333

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APPLICATION OF HIGH-EXPANSION CEMENT FOR FIBER-SHOTCRETING IN CONSTRUCTION OF SUBSURFACE FACILITIES

  • Kharchenko Igor Yakovlevich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) , Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.
  • Kharchenko Alexey Igorevich - ООО Gorgeostroy Doctor of Engineering Science, Director General, , ООО Gorgeostroy, 11/10-21 Letnikovskaya st., Moscow, 115114, Russian Federation.
  • Alexeev Vyacheslav Alexandrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) laboratory chief of the Department of Technologies of Cohesive Materials and Concretes, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation.
  • Bazhenov Dmitry Alexandrovich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) postgraduate student, Department of Technologies of Cohesive Materials and Concretes, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 334-340

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2017.3.334-340

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SAFETY OF BUILDING SYSTEMS. ECOLOGICAL PROBLEMS OF CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS. GEOECOLOGY

ACCOUNTING FOR NONUNIFORMITY OF WATER CONSUMPTION IN THE EXHAUST AIR HEAT RECLAMATION SYSTEMS FOR HOT WATER SUPPLY

  • Samarin Oleg Dmitrievich - Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU) Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Heat and Gas Supply and Ventilation, Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (National Research University) (MGSU), 26 Yaroslavskoe shosse, Moscow, 129337, Russian Federation; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Pages 341-345

This article is devoted to assessment of the influence of variation of daily hot water consumption on the predicted energy effect by using heat recovery of exhaust air in typical exhaust ventilation systems of the most commonly used flat buildings during their switch to the mechanical induction for the pre-heating of water for hot water supply. It outlines the general principle of the organization of this method of energy saving and presents the basic equations of heat transfer in the heat exchanger. The article proposes a simplified method of accounting for changes in the heat transfer coefficient of air-to-water heat exchanger with fluctuations of water demand using existing dependencies for this coefficient from the rate flow of heating and heated fluid through the device. It presents observations to identify the parameters of the real changes of water consumption during the day with the main quantitative characteristics of normally distributed random variables. Calculation of thermal efficiency of the heat exchange equipment using dimensionless parameters through the number of heat transfer under the optimal opposing scheme of fluid motion is completed under conditions of variable water flow rate for the type residential building of the П3-1/16 series using the Monte Carlo method for numerical modeling of stochastic processes. The estimation of the influence of fluctuation of the current water consumption on the instantaneous thermal efficiency factor of the heat exchanger and the total energy consumption of the building is given, and it is shown that the error of said calculation using average daily parameters is within the margin of usual engineering calculation.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2017.3.341-345

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INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND LOGISTICS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING

PECULARITIES OF THE SYNTHESIS OF DIGITAL NONLINEAR CONTROL WITH ELECTRO-HYDRAULIC DRIVE

  • Prokopiev Andrey Petrovich - Siberian Federal University (SFU) candidate of technical science, associate Professor, Department of Building materials and construction technology, Siberian Federal University (SFU), 82 Svobodnyy prospect, Krasnoyarsk, 660041, Russian Federation.
  • Ivanchura Vladimir Ivanovich - Siberian Federal University (SFU) Doctor of Technical Science, Professor, Siberian Federal University (SFU), 82 Svobodnyy prospekt, Krasnoyarsk, 660041, Russian Federation.
  • Emelianov Rurik Timofeevich - Siberian Federal University (SFU) doctor of technical science, Professor, Department of Building materials and construction technology, Siberian Federal University (SFU), 82 Svobodnyy prospect, Krasnoyarsk, 660041, Russian Federation.
  • Safarov Nidjat Afik - Siberian Federal University (SFU) postgraduate student, Department of Roads and building, Siberian Federal University (SFU), 82 Svobodnyy prospect, Krasnoyarsk, 660041, Russian Federation.

Pages 346-353

The method of synthesis of digital nonlinear control with an electro-hydraulic drive is proposed. It is based on the combination of the method of synthesis of the digital part of the system with a continuous prototype and the expert approach. At the first stage, the continuous regulator is synthesized based on known techniques. At the second stage, a transition to the digital regulator is performed with the help of the z -transformation and the difference equation is determined. The sampling period is selected at a frequency greater than the frequency that determines the bandwidth of the continuous electrohydraulic drive control system (its degree is determined by way of further modeling and evaluation of the results obtained). In the third stage, the modeling for digital control options with selected sampling frequencies and recalculated parameter values of the regulators is carried out. The example of the synthesis of a digital regulator with the use of electro-hydraulic control system is given.

DOI: 10.22227/1997-0935.2017.3.346-353

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